Cancer vaccines, also known as therapeutic vaccines, are a type of immunotherapy. The vaccines mostly work to boost the body's natural defences to fight against cancer. Doctors give treatment vaccines to people already diagnosed with cancer. The vaccines may:
There are 2 types of cancer prevention vaccines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA):
The vaccine protects against the human papillomavirus (HPV). If the virus is long-lasting, it can cause some types of cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have approved HPV vaccines to prevent:
· Cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer
· Anal cancer
· Genital warts
The vaccine prevents hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Long-lasting infection with HBV can cause liver cancer.